In The Name Of Eugenics

In the Name of Eugenics PDF
Author: Daniel J. Kevles
Publisher: Knopf
ISBN: 0307831507
Release: 2013-05-08
Size: 34.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 5518

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In The Name Of Eugenics by Daniel J. Kevles, In The Name Of Eugenics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download In The Name Of Eugenics books, Daniel Kevles traces the study and practice of eugenics--the science of "improving" the human species by exploiting theories of heredity--from its inception in the late nineteenth century to its most recent manifestation within the field of genetic engineering. It is rich in narrative, anecdote, attention to human detail, and stories of competition among scientists who have dominated the field.



Eugenics A Very Short Introduction

Eugenics  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Philippa Levine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199385920
Release: 2016-12-01
Size: 65.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2156

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Eugenics A Very Short Introduction PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Philippa Levine, Eugenics A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Eugenics A Very Short Introduction books, In 1883, Francis Galton, a cousin of Charles Darwin, coined the word "eugenics" to express his dream of perfecting the human race by applying the laws of genetic heredity. Adapting Darwin's theory of evolution to human society, eugenics soon became a powerful, international movement, committed to using the principles of heredity and statistics to encourage healthy and discourage unhealthy reproduction. Early in the twentieth century and across the world, doctors, social reformers, and politicians turned to the new science of eugenics as a means to improve and strengthen their populations. Eugenics advocates claimed their methods would result in healthier, fitter babies and would dramatically limit human suffering. The reality was a different story. In the name of scientific progress and of human improvement, eugenicists targeted the weak and the sick, triggering coercive legislation on issues as disparate as race, gender, immigration, euthanasia, abortion, sterilization, intelligence, mental illness, and disease control. Nationalists eagerly embraced eugenics as a means to legitimize their countries' superiority and racialized assumptions, and the Nazis notoriously used eugenics to shape their "final solution." In this lucid volume, Philippa Levine tackles the intricate and controversial history of eugenics, masterfully synthesizing the enormous range of policies and experiments carried out in the name of eugenics around the world throughout the twentieth century. She questions the widespread belief that eugenics disappeared after World War II and evaluates the impact of eugenics on current reproductive and genetic sciences. Charting the development of such controversial practices as artificial insemination, sperm donation, and population control, this book offers a powerful, extraordinarily timely reflection on the frequent interplay between genetics and ethics. Eugenics may no longer be a household word, but we feel its effects even today.



Imbeciles

Imbeciles PDF
Author: Adam Seth Cohen
Publisher:
ISBN: 1594204187
Release: 2016
Size: 79.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : HISTORY
Languages : en
Pages : 402
View: 2712

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Imbeciles PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Adam Seth Cohen, Imbeciles Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Imbeciles books, One of America's great miscarriages of justice, the Supreme Court's infamous 1927 Buck v. Bell ruling made government sterilization of "undesirable" citizens the law of the land New York Times bestselling author Adam Cohen tells the story in Imbeciles of one of the darkest moments in the American legal tradition: the Supreme Court's decision to champion eugenic sterilization for the greater good of the country. In 1927, when the nation was caught up in eugenic fervor, the justices allowed Virginia to sterilize Carrie Buck, a perfectly normal young woman, for being an "imbecile." It is a story with many villains, from the superintendent of the Dickensian Virginia Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded who chose Carrie for sterilization to the former Missouri agriculture professor and Nazi sympathizer who was the nation's leading advocate for eugenic sterilization. But the most troubling actors of all were the eight Supreme Court justices who were in the majority - including William Howard Taft, the former president; Louis Brandeis, the legendary progressive; and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., America's most esteemed justice, who wrote the decision urging the nation to embark on a program of mass eugenic sterilization. Exposing this tremendous injustice--which led to the sterilization of 70,000 Americans--Imbeciles overturns cherished myths and reappraises heroic figures in its relentless pursuit of the truth. With the precision of a legal brief and the passion of a front-page exposé, Cohen's Imbeciles is an unquestionable triumph of American legal and social history, an ardent accusation against these acclaimed men and our own optimistic faith in progress.



American Eugenics

American Eugenics PDF
Author: Nancy Ordover
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9780816635580
Release: 2003
Size: 67.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 297
View: 1036

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In The Name Of Eugenics by Nancy Ordover, American Eugenics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download American Eugenics books, Traces the history of eugenics ideology in the United States and its ongoing presence in contemporary life. The Nazis may have given eugenics its negative connotations, but the practice--and the "science" that supports it--is still disturbingly alive in America in anti-immigration initiatives, the quest for a "gay gene, " and theories of collective intelligence. Tracing the historical roots and persistence of eugenics in the United States, Nancy Ordover explores the political and cultural climate that has endowed these campaigns with mass appeal and scientific legitimacy. American Eugenics demonstrates how biological theories of race, gender, and sexuality are crucially linked through a concern with regulating the "unfit." These links emerge in Ordover's examination of three separate but ultimately related American eugenics campaigns: early twentieth-century anti-immigration crusades; medical models and interventions imposed on (and sometimes embraced by) lesbians, gays, transgendered people, and bisexuals; and the compulsory sterilization of poor women and women of color. Throughout, her work reveals how constructed notions of race, gender, sexuality, and nation are put to ideological uses and how "faith in science" can undermine progressive social movements, drawing liberals and conservatives alike into eugenics-based discourse and policies.



A Century Of Eugenics In America

A Century of Eugenics in America PDF
Author: Paul A. Lombardo
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253222699
Release: 2011
Size: 38.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 251
View: 5345

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A Century Of Eugenics In America PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Paul A. Lombardo, A Century Of Eugenics In America Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Century Of Eugenics In America books, In 1907, Indiana passed the world's first involuntary sterilization law based on the theory of eugenics. In time, more than 30 states and a dozen foreign countries followed suit. Although the Indiana statute was later declared unconstitutional, other laws restricting immigration and regulating marriage on "eugenic" grounds were still in effect in the U.S. as late as the 1970s. A Century of Eugenics in America assesses the history of eugenics in the United States and its status in the age of the Human Genome Project. The essays explore the early support of compulsory sterilization by doctors and legislators; the implementation of eugenic schemes in Indiana, Georgia, California, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Alabama; the legal and social challenges to sterilization; and the prospects for a eugenics movement basing its claims on modern genetic science.



Eugenic Nation

Eugenic Nation PDF
Author: Alexandra Minna Stern
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520285069
Release: 2015-12-08
Size: 35.99 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 402
View: 6732

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In The Name Of Eugenics by Alexandra Minna Stern, Eugenic Nation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Eugenic Nation books, "With an emphasis on the American West, Eugenic Nation explores the long and unsettled history of eugenics in the United States. This expanded second edition includes shocking details that demonstrate that the story is far from over. Alexandra Minna Stern explores the unauthorized sterilization of female inmates in California state prisons and ongoing reparations for North Carolina victims of sterilization, as well as the topics of race-based intelligence tests, school segregation, the U.S. Border Patrol, tropical medicine, the environmental movement, and opposition to better breeding. Radically new and relevant, this edition draws from recently uncovered historical records to demonstrate patterns of racial bias in California's sterilization program and to recover personal experiences of reproductive injustice. Stern connects the eugenic past to the genomic present with attention to the ethical and social implications of emerging genetic technologies"--Provided by publisher.



Better For All The World

Better for All the World PDF
Author: Harry Bruinius
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307424960
Release: 2007-12-18
Size: 48.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 4899

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In The Name Of Eugenics by Harry Bruinius, Better For All The World Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Better For All The World books, A timely and gripping history of the controversial eugenics movement in America–and the scientists, social reformers and progressives who supported it.In Better for All the World, Harry Bruinius charts the little known history of eugenics in America–a movement that began in the early twentieth century and resulted in the forced sterilization of more than 65,000 people. Bruinius tells the stories of Emma and Carrie Buck, two women trapped in poverty who became the test case in the 1927 supreme court decision allowing forced sterilization for those deemed unfit to procreate. From the reformers who turned local charities into government-run welfare systems promoting social and moral purity, to the influence the American policies had on Nazi Germany’s development of “racial hygiene,” Bruinius masterfully exposes the players and legislation behind one of America’s darkest secrets.



The Eugenic Mind Project

The Eugenic Mind Project PDF
Author: Robert A. Wilson
Publisher:
ISBN: 0262542706
Release: 2021-02-02
Size: 23.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 997

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The Eugenic Mind Project PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Robert A. Wilson, The Eugenic Mind Project Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Eugenic Mind Project books, An examination of eugenic thinking past and present, from forced sterilization to prenatal screening, drawing on experience with those who survived eugenics. Part science and part social movement, eugenics emerged in the late nineteenth century as a tool for human improvement. In response to perceived threats of criminality, moral degeneration, feeble-mindedness, and the rising tide of color, eugenic laws and social policies aimed to better the human race by regulating reproductive choice through science and technology. In this book, Rob Wilson examines eugenic thought and practice--from forced sterilization to prenatal screening--drawing on his experience working with eugenics survivors. Using the social sciences' standpoint theory as a framework to understand the intersection of eugenics, disability, social inclusiveness, and human variation, Wilson focuses on those who have lived through a eugenic past and those confronted by the legacy of eugenic thinking today. By doing so, he brings eugenics from the distant past to the ongoing present. Wilson discusses such topics as the conceptualization of eugenic traits; the formulation of laws regulating immigration and marriage and requiring sexual sterilization; the depiction of the targets of eugenics as subhuman; the systematic construction of a concept of normality; the eugenic logic in prenatal screening and contemporary bioethics; and the incorporation of eugenics and disability into standpoint theory.



The Physicists

THE PHYSICISTS PDF
Author: Daniel J. Kevles
Publisher: Knopf
ISBN: 0307831485
Release: 2013-06-05
Size: 48.51 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 7035

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The Physicists PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Daniel J. Kevles, The Physicists Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Physicists books, This magnificent account of the coming of age of physics in America has been heralded as the best introduction to the history of science in the United States. Unsurpassed in its breadth and literary style, Kevles's account portrays the brilliant scientists who became a powerful force in bringing the world into a revolutionary new era. The book ranges widely as it links these exciting developments to the social, cultural, and political changes that occurred from the post-Civil War years to the present. Throughout, Kevles keeps his eye on the central question of how an avowedly elitist enterprise grew and prospered in a democratic culture. In this new edition, the author has brought the story up to date by providing an extensive, authoritative, and colorful account of the Superconducting Super Collider, from its origins in the international competition and intellectual needs of high-energy particle physics, through its establishment as a multibillion-dollar project, to its termination, in 1993, as a result of angry opposition within the American physics community and the Congress.



Hereditary Genius

Hereditary Genius PDF
Author: Francis Galton
Publisher:
ISBN:
Release: 1879
Size: 30.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Genius
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 7339

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In The Name Of Eugenics by Francis Galton, Hereditary Genius Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Hereditary Genius books,



Beyond The Gene

Beyond the Gene PDF
Author: Jan Sapp
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195364682
Release: 1987-05-14
Size: 49.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 282
View: 1687

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Beyond The Gene PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Jan Sapp, Beyond The Gene Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Beyond The Gene books, The scope and significance of cytoplasmic inheritance has been the subject of one of the longest controversies in the history of genetics. In the first major book on the history of this subject, Jan Sapp analyses the persistent attempts of investigators of non-Mendelian inheritance to establish their claims in the face of strong resistance from nucleo-centric geneticists and classical neo-Darwinians. A new perspective on the history of genetics is offered as he explores the conflicts which have shaped theoretical thinking about heredity and evolution throughout the century: materialism vs. vitalism, reductionism vs. holism, preformation vs. epigenesis, neo-Darwinism vs. new-Lamarckism, and gradualism vs. saltationism. In so doing, Sapp highlights competitive struggles for power among individuals and disciplinary groups. He accepts that political interests and general social contexts may directly affect scientific ideas, but develops the stronger thesis that social interests inside science itself are always involved in the content of scientific knowledge. He goes on to show that there are no neutral judges in scientific controversies and investigates the social strategies and methodological rhetoric used by scientists when they defend or oppose a particular theory. At the same time, Sapp illustrates the social constraints that ensure the high cost and risk of entertaining unorthodox theories in the sciences.



Eugenic Nation

Eugenic Nation PDF
Author: Alexandra Minna Stern
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520938666
Release: 2005-08-08
Size: 44.37 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 361
View: 1446

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Eugenic Nation PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Alexandra Minna Stern, Eugenic Nation Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Eugenic Nation books, Many people assume that eugenics all but disappeared with the fall of Nazism, but as this sweeping history demonstrates, the idea of better breeding had a wide and surprising reach in the United States throughout the twentieth century. With an original emphasis on the American West, Eugenic Nation brings to light many little-known facts—for example, that one-third of the involuntary sterilizations in this country occurred in California between 1909 and 1979—as it explores the influence of eugenics on phenomena as varied as race-based intelligence tests, school segregation, tropical medicine, the Border Patrol, and the environmental movement. Eugenic Nation begins in the 1900s, when influential California eugenicists molded an extensive agenda of better breeding for the rest of the country. The book traces hereditarian theories of sex and gender to the culture of conformity of the 1950s and moves to the 1960s, arguing that the liberation movements of that decade emerged in part as a challenge to policies and practices informed by eugenics.



War Against The Weak

War Against the Weak PDF
Author: Edwin Black
Publisher: Dialog Press
ISBN: 0914153307
Release: 2012-04-30
Size: 77.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 608
View: 2875

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War Against The Weak PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Edwin Black, War Against The Weak Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download War Against The Weak books, War Against the Weak is the gripping chronicle documenting how American corporate philanthropies launched a national campaign of ethnic cleansing in the United States, helped found and fund the Nazi eugenics of Hitler and Mengele -- and then created the modern movement of "human genetics." Some 60,000 Americans were sterilized under laws in 27 states. This expanded edition includes two new essays on state genocide.



Heredity In Relation To Eugenics

Heredity in Relation to Eugenics PDF
Author: Charles Benedict Davenport
Publisher:
ISBN:
Release: 1911
Size: 64.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Eugenics
Languages : en
Pages : 298
View: 199

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Heredity In Relation To Eugenics PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Charles Benedict Davenport, Heredity In Relation To Eugenics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Heredity In Relation To Eugenics books,



The Guarded Gate

The Guarded Gate PDF
Author: Daniel Okrent
Publisher: Scribner
ISBN: 1476798052
Release: 2020-05-19
Size: 63.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 496
View: 6024

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The Guarded Gate PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Daniel Okrent, The Guarded Gate Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Guarded Gate books, NAMED ONE OF THE “100 NOTABLE BOOKS OF THE YEAR” BY THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW From the widely celebrated New York Times bestselling author of Last Call—this “rigorously historical” (The Washington Post) and timely account of how the rise of eugenics helped America keep out “inferiors” in the 1920s is “a sobering, valuable contribution to discussions about immigration” (Booklist). A forgotten, dark chapter of American history with implications for the current day, The Guarded Gate tells the story of the scientists who argued that certain nationalities were inherently inferior, providing the intellectual justification for the harshest immigration law in American history. Brandished by the upper class Bostonians and New Yorkers—many of them progressives—who led the anti-immigration movement, the eugenic arguments helped keep hundreds of thousands of Jews, Italians, and other unwanted groups out of the US for more than forty years. Over five years in the writing, The Guarded Gate tells the complete story from its beginning in 1895, when Henry Cabot Lodge and other Boston Brahmins launched their anti-immigrant campaign. In 1921, Vice President Calvin Coolidge declared that “biological laws” had proven the inferiority of southern and eastern Europeans; the restrictive law was enacted three years later. In his trademark lively and authoritative style, Okrent brings to life the rich cast of characters from this time, including Lodge’s closest friend, Theodore Roosevelt; Charles Darwin’s first cousin, Francis Galton, the idiosyncratic polymath who gave life to eugenics; the fabulously wealthy and profoundly bigoted Madison Grant, founder of the Bronx Zoo, and his best friend, H. Fairfield Osborn, director of the American Museum of Natural History; Margaret Sanger, who saw eugenics as a sensible adjunct to her birth control campaign; and Maxwell Perkins, the celebrated editor of Hemingway and Fitzgerald. A work of history relevant for today, The Guarded Gate is “a masterful, sobering, thoughtful, and necessary book” that painstakingly connects the American eugenicists to the rise of Nazism, and shows how their beliefs found fertile soil in the minds of citizens and leaders both here and abroad.



The Hour Of Eugenics

The Hour of Eugenics  PDF
Author: Nancy Leys Stepan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501702254
Release: 1996-11-14
Size: 62.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 1837

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The Hour Of Eugenics PDF Full

In The Name Of Eugenics by Nancy Leys Stepan, The Hour Of Eugenics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Hour Of Eugenics books, Eugenics was a term coined in 1883 to name the scientific and social theory which advocated "race improvement" through selective human breeding. In Europe and the United States the eugenics movement found many supporters before it was finally discredited by its association with the racist ideology of Nazi Germany. Examining for the first time how eugenics was taken up by scientists and social reformers in Latin America, Nancy Leys Stepan compares the eugenics movements in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina with the more familiar cases of Britain, the United States, and Germany.