A Primer Of Ecology

A Primer of Ecology PDF
Author: Nicholas J. Gotelli
Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
ISBN:
Release: 2001
Size: 49.85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 265
View: 2572

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A Primer Of Ecology PDF Full

by Nicholas J. Gotelli, A Primer Of Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Ecology books, Exponential population growth. Logistic population growth.Age-structured population growth. Metapopulation dynamics. Competition. Predation. Island biogeography. Succession.



A Primer Of Ecology

A Primer of Ecology PDF
Author: Nicholas J. Gotelli
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780878932740
Release: 1998
Size: 78.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Biologie des populations - Modèles mathématiques
Languages : en
Pages : 236
View: 6380

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A Primer Of Ecology PDF Full

by Nicholas J. Gotelli, A Primer Of Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Ecology books, A detailed exposition of the most common mathematical models in population and community ecology, covering exponential and logistic population growth, age-structured demography, metapopulation dynamics, competition, predation, and island biogeography. Intended to demystify ecological models and the math behind them by deriving the models from first principles. The primer may be used as a self-teaching tutorial, as a primary textbook, or as a supplemental text to a general ecology textbook. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR



A Primer Of Ecology

A Primer of Ecology PDF
Author: Nicholas J. Gotelli
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 9780878933181
Release: 2008-01-01
Size: 38.94 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 291
View: 216

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A Primer Of Ecology PDF Full

by Nicholas J. Gotelli, A Primer Of Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Ecology books, This book presents a concise but detailed exposition of the most common mathematical models in population and community ecology. It is intended to demystify ecological models and the mathematics behind them by deriving the models from first principles.



A Primer Of Ecological Statistics

A Primer of Ecological Statistics PDF
Author: Nicholas J. Gotelli
Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780878932696
Release: 2004
Size: 69.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 510
View: 3452

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A Primer Of Ecological Statistics PDF Full

by Nicholas J. Gotelli, A Primer Of Ecological Statistics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Ecological Statistics books, Part I: FundamentaIs of Probability and Statistical Thinking. Chapter 1: An lntroduction to Probability. What Is Probability? Measuring Probability. The Probability of a Single Event. Prey Capture by Carnivorous Plants. Estimating Probabilities by Sampling . Problems in the Definition Probability The Mathematics of Probability. Defining the Sample Space. Complex and Shared Events: Combining Simple Probabilities. Probability Calcu1ations: Milkweeds and Caterpillars. Complex and Shared Events: Rules for Combining Sets, Conditional Probabilities. Bayes' Theorem. Chapter 2: Random Variables and Probability Distributions. Discrete Random Variables. Bernoulli Random Variables. An Example of a Bernoulli Trial. Many Bernoulli Trials = A Binomial Randorn Variable. The Binomial Distribution. Poisson Random Variables. An Example of a Poisson Random Variable: Distribution of aRare Plant. The Expected Value of a Discrete Random Variable. The Variance of a Discrete Random Variable. Continuous Random Variables. Uniform Random Variables. The Expected Value of a Continuous Random Variable. Normal Random Variables. Useful Properties of the Normal Distribution. Other Continuous Random Variables. The Central Limit Theorem. Chapter 3: Summary Statistics: Measuresof Location and Spread. Measures of Location. The Arithmetic Mean Other Means. Other Measures of Location: The Median and the Mode. When to Use Each Measure of Location. Measures of Spread. The Variance and the Standard Deviation. The Standard Error of the Mean. Skewness, Kurtosis, and Central Moments. Quantiles. Using Measures of Spread. Some Philosophical Issues Surrounding Summary Statistics. Confidence Intervals. Generalized Confidence lntervals. Chapter 4: Framing and Testing Hypotheses. Scientific Methods. Deduction and lnduction. Moderrn-Day lnduction: Bayesian lnference. The Hypothetico-Deductive Method. Testing Statistical Hypotheses. Statistical Hypotheses versus Scientific Hypotheses. Statistical Significance and P - Values. Errors in Hypothesis Testing. Parameter Estimation and Prediction. Chapter 5:Three Frameworks for Statistical Analysis. Sample Problem. Monte Carlo Analysis. Step 1: Specifying the Test Statistic. Step 2: Creating the Null Distribution. Step 3: Deciding on a One- or Two- Tailed Test. Step 4: Calculating the Tail Probability. Assumptions of the Monte Carlo Method. Advantages and Disadvantages of the Monte Carlo Method. Parametric Analysis. Step 1: Specifyjng the Test Statistic. Step 2: Specifying the Null Distribution. Step 3: Calculating the Tail Probability. Assumptions of the Parametric Method. Advantages and Disadvantages of the Parametric Method. Least-Squares Parameter Estimates 246 Variance Components and the Coefficient of Determination. Hypothesis Tests with Regression. The Anatomy of an ANOVA Table. Other Tests and Confidence IntervaIs. Assumptions of Regression. Diagnostic Tests For Regression. Plotting ResiduaIs. Other Diagnostic Plots. The lnfluence Function. Monte Cado and Bayesian Analyses. Linear Regression Using Monte Cado Methods. Linear Regression Using Bayesian Methods. Other Kinds of Regression Analyses. Robust Regression. Quantile Regression. Logistic Regression. Non-Linear Regression. Multiple Regression. Path AnaIysis. Model Selection Cri teria. Model Selection Methods for Multiple Regression. Model Selection Methods in Path Analysis. Bayesian Model Selection. Chapter 10: The Analysis Of VarianceSymbols and Labels in ANOVA. ANOVA and Partitioning of the Sum of Squares. The Assumptions of ANOVA. Hypothesis Tests with ANOVA. Constructing F- Ratios. A Bestiary of ANOVA Tables. Randomized Block. Nested ANOVA. Two- Way ANOVA. ANOVA for Three- Way and n- Way Designs. Split-Plot ANOVA. Repeated Measures ANOVA. ANCOVA. Random versus Fixed Factors in ANOVA. Partitioning the Variance in ANOVA. After ANOVA: Plotting and Understanding Interaction Terms. Plotting Results from One-Way ANOVAs. Plotting Results from Two- Way ANOVAs. Understanding the lnteraction Term. Plotting Results fram ANCOVAs. Comparing Means. A Posteriori Comparisons. A Priori Contrasts. Bonferroni Corrections and the Problem of Multiple Tests. Chapter 11: The Analysis of Categorical Data. Two- Way Contingency Tables. Organizing the Data. Are the Variables lndependent? Testing the Hypothesis: Pearson's Chi-square Test. An Alternative to Pearson's Chi-Square: The G- Test. The Chi-square Test and the G- Test for R x C Tables. Which Test To Choose? Multi- Way Contingency Tables. Organizing the Data. On to Multi- Way Tables! Bayesian Approaches to Contingency Tables. Tests for Goodness-of-Fit. Goodness-of- Fit Tests for Discrete Distributions. Testing Goodness-of-Fit for Continuous. Distributions: The Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test. Chapter 12: The Analysis Of Multivariate Data. Approaching Multivariate Data. The Need for Matrix Algebra. Comparing Multivariate Means. Comparing Multivariate Means of Two Samples: Hotelling's y2 Test. Comparing Multivariate Means of More Than Two Samples: A Simple MANOVA. The Multivariate Normal Distribution. Testing for Multivariate Normality. Measurements of Multivariate Distance. Measuring Distances between Two IndividuaIs. Measuring Distances Between Two Groups. Other Measurements of Distance. Ordination. Principal Component Analysis 406 Factor Analysis. Principal Coordinates Analysis. Correspondence Analysis. Non-Metric Multidimensional Scaling. Advantages and Disadvantages of Ordination.Classification . Cluster Analysis. Choosing a Clustering Method. Discriminant Analysis. Advantages and Disadvantages of Classification. Multivariate Multiple Regression. Redundancy Analysis.



A Primer Of Ecology With R

A Primer of Ecology with R PDF
Author: M. Henry Stevens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387898824
Release: 2009-06-02
Size: 37.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 388
View: 6126

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by M. Henry Stevens, A Primer Of Ecology With R Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Ecology With R books, Provides simple explanations of the important concepts in population and community ecology. Provides R code throughout, to illustrate model development and analysis, as well as appendix introducing the R language. Interweaves ecological content and code so that either stands alone. Supplemental web site for additional code.



Ecology A Primer Of Ecology

Ecology a Primer of Ecology PDF
Author: Michael L. Cain
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780878932849
Release: 2008-06-30
Size: 44.45 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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Ecology A Primer Of Ecology PDF Full

by Michael L. Cain, Ecology A Primer Of Ecology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ecology A Primer Of Ecology books,



A Primer Of Ecological Genetics

A Primer of Ecological Genetics PDF
Author: Jeffrey K. Conner
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 9780878932023
Release: 2004-01
Size: 33.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 6773

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A Primer Of Ecological Genetics PDF Full

by Jeffrey K. Conner, A Primer Of Ecological Genetics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Ecological Genetics books, This book covers basic concepts in population and quantitative genetics, including measuring selection on phenotypic traits. The emphasis is on material applicable to field studies of evolution focusing on ecologically important traits. Topics addressed are critical for training students in ecology, evolution, conservation biology, agriculture, forestry, and wildlife management. Many texts in this field are too complex and mathematical to allow the average beginning student to readily grasp the key concepts. A Primer of Ecological Genetics, in contrast, employs mathematics and statistics-fully explained, but at a less advanced level-as tools to improve understanding of biological principles. The main goal is to enable students to understand the concepts well enough that they can gain entry into the primary literature. Integration of the different chapters of the book shows students how diverse concepts relate to each other.



Primer Of Ecological Theory

Primer of Ecological Theory PDF
Author: Joan Roughgarden
Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
ISBN:
Release: 1998
Size: 73.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 456
View: 2118

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Primer Of Ecological Theory PDF Full

by Joan Roughgarden, Primer Of Ecological Theory Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Primer Of Ecological Theory books, Presents an overview of ecological modeling as it relates to current ecological theory. KEY TOPICS: A Primer of Ecological Theory maintains its scientific objectivity while covering the full extent of current ecological modeling theory. The book introduces the use of computer technology to ecological modeling through MATLAB. This allows all work to be verified and the skills transferred to other disciplines. MARKET: A valuable resource book for ecologists, resource managers, and economists.



Primer Of Ecological Restoration

Primer of Ecological Restoration PDF
Author: Karen Holl
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610919726
Release: 2020-03-03
Size: 57.29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 3947

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Primer Of Ecological Restoration PDF Full

by Karen Holl, Primer Of Ecological Restoration Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Primer Of Ecological Restoration books, The pace, intensity, and scale at which humans have altered our planet in recent decades is unprecedented. We have dramatically transformed landscapes and waterways through agriculture, logging, mining, and fire suppression, with drastic impacts on public health and human well-being. What can we do to counteract and even reverse the worst of these effects? Restore damaged ecosystems. The Primer of Ecological Restoration is a succinct introduction to the theory and practice of ecological restoration as a strategy to conserve biodiversity and ecosystems. In twelve brief chapters, the book introduces readers to the basics of restoration project planning, monitoring, and adaptive management. It explains abiotic factors such as landforms, soil, and hydrology that are the building blocks to successfully recovering microorganism, plant, and animal communities. Additional chapters cover topics such as invasive species and legal and financial considerations. Each chapter concludes with recommended reading and reference lists, and the book can be paired with online resources for teaching. Perfect for introductory classes in ecological restoration or for practitioners seeking constructive guidance for real-world projects, Primer of Ecological Restoration offers accessible, practical information on recent trends in the field.



A Primer Of Conservation Biology

A Primer of Conservation Biology PDF
Author: Richard B. Primack
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 9780878936236
Release: 2012
Size: 31.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 363
View: 5660

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A Primer Of Conservation Biology PDF Full

by Richard B. Primack, A Primer Of Conservation Biology Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Conservation Biology books, This text introduces the key elements of the dynamic, multidisciplinary field of conservation biology, covering such issues as sustainable development, global warming and strategies to save species on the verge of extinction.



A Primer Of Molecular Population Genetics

A Primer of Molecular Population Genetics PDF
Author: Asher D. Cutter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192575546
Release: 2019-06-06
Size: 47.10 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 1524

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A Primer Of Molecular Population Genetics PDF Full

by Asher D. Cutter, A Primer Of Molecular Population Genetics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Molecular Population Genetics books, What are the genomic signatures of adaptations in DNA? How often does natural selection dictate changes to DNA? How does the ebb and flow in the abundance of individuals over time get marked onto chromosomes to record genetic history? Molecular population genetics seeks to answer such questions by explaining genetic variation and molecular evolution from micro-evolutionary principles. It provides a way to learn about how evolution works and how it shapes species by incorporating molecular details of DNA as the heritable material. It enables us to understand the logic of how mutations originate, change in abundance in populations, and become fixed as DNA sequence divergence between species. With the revolutionary advances in genomic data acquisition, understanding molecular population genetics is now a fundamental requirement for today's life scientists. These concepts apply in analysis of personal genomics, genome-wide association studies, landscape and conservation genetics, forensics, molecular anthropology, and selection scans. This book introduces, in an accessible way, the bare essentials of the theory and practice of molecular population genetics.



Kologie

  kologie PDF
Author: Hermann Remmert
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642964346
Release: 2013-03-08
Size: 29.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 272
View: 5294

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Kologie PDF Full

by Hermann Remmert, Kologie Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kologie books,



A Primer Of Conservation Behavior

A Primer of Conservation Behavior PDF
Author: Daniel T. Blumstein
Publisher: Macmillan Science
ISBN: 9780878934010
Release: 2010
Size: 17.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 4642

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A Primer Of Conservation Behavior PDF Full

by Daniel T. Blumstein, A Primer Of Conservation Behavior Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A Primer Of Conservation Behavior books, This Primer nurtures the development of biologists interested in using animal behavior concepts and tools to solve conservation and wildlife management problems. This is the first practical guide fostering integration and showing how to apply these methodologies to issues that would benefit from an animal behavior perspective.



The Interpretation Of Ecological Data

The Interpretation of Ecological Data PDF
Author: E. C. Pielou
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471889502
Release: 1984-09-06
Size: 27.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 7078

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The Interpretation Of Ecological Data PDF Full

by E. C. Pielou, The Interpretation Of Ecological Data Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Interpretation Of Ecological Data books, A detailed introduction to the methods used by ecologists--classification and ordination--to clarify and interpret large, unwieldy masses of multivariate field data. Permits ecologists to understand, not just mechanically use, pre-packaged programs for multivariate analysis. Demonstrates these techniques using artificial data simple enough for every analytical step to be understood.



Kologie

  kologie PDF
Author: Colin R. Townsend
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662440784
Release: 2014-08-12
Size: 57.37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 622
View: 4874

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Kologie PDF Full

by Colin R. Townsend, Kologie Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kologie books, Diese Softcover-Ausgabe, die ein unveränderter Nachdruck der 2. Auflage (2009) ist, hält das nachgefragte Lehrbuch weiterhin verfügbar. Moderne Ökologie von A bis Z Das renommierte Autorenteam Townsend, Begon und Harper konzentriert sich in diesem Lehrbuch auf die wesentlichen Zusammenhänge in der Ökologie. In anschaulicher, durchgehend vierfarbig gestalteter und leicht verständlicher Form wird ein ausgewogener Überblick vermittelt, der die terrestrische und aquatische Ökologie gleichermaßen berücksichtigt. Für den Praxisbezug wurde großes Gewicht auf die angewandten Aspekte gelegt. Zahlreiche didaktische Elemente und großzügige, farbige Illustrationen erleichtern den Zugang. Es gibt Schlüsselkonzepte am Kapitelanfang, "Fenster" für historische Einschübe, mathematische Hintergründe und ethische Fragen, Zusammenfassungen und Fragen am Kapitelende. Neu in dieser Auflage ist ein eigenes Kapitel zur Evolutionsökologie. Alle anderen Kapitel – insbesondere die zu den angewandte Aspekten – wurden intensiv überarbeitet und hunderte neue Beispiele aufgenommen. Klar und einfach erklärt in diesem Buch.